What is Penetration Testing
A penetration test, also known as a pen test, is a simulated cyberattack against your computer system to check for exploitable vulnerabilities. In the context of web application security, penetration testing is commonly used to augment a web application firewall (WAF).
Pen testing can involve the attempted breaching of any number of application systems, (e.g., application protocol interfaces (APIs), frontend/backend servers) to uncover vulnerabilities, such as unsanitized inputs that are susceptible to code injection attacks.
Insights provided by the penetration test can be used to fine-tune your WAF security policies and patch detected vulnerabilities.
There are many methods of penetrative testing. The organization may use different methods depending on its requirements.
- Targeted testing involves the organization’s people and the hacker. The organization staff all know about the hacking being performed.
- External testing penetrates all externally exposed systems such as web servers and DNS.
- Internal testing uncovers vulnerabilities open to internal users with access privileges.
- Blind testing simulates real attacks from hackers.
Testers are given limited information about the target, which requires them to perform reconnaissance prior to the attack. Penetrative testing is the strongest case for hiring ethical hackers